(i) What is International Justice?
(ii) Is there such a thing as International Justice?
(iii) In your opinion, what are the most pressing International Justice issues and problems?
(iv) Analyze the cartoon. What happens? Do you agree? Why? Why not?
Brainstorming: Why do wars occur?
(i) What are the flaws of the Nuremberg trials?
(ii) What are the positive aspects of the Nuremberg trials?
(iii) Do you think it was victor’s justice?
(iv) What was the role of women in the trials?
(v) What was the role of the United States in the trials?
(vi) What do you think about trying people for acts that were not considered crimes at the moment of commission?
(vii) Would you have done something differently?
1) Spanish bombings. It was proved that some of the perpetrators and counselors of these bombings are Pakistan nationals. Pakistan is not a party to the ICC. Spain is.
2) September 11. Assume these events took place after July 1, 2002. Could they be tried before the ICC?
3) Rwanda. Assume these events took place after July 1, 2002. Could they be tried before the ICC? What international crimes appear on the video?
4) Pulp Fiction. The victims are Brett, a Canadian citizen and his friend a Mexican citizen. A general principle of law found in most Western nations is that intentional and unlawful killing is prohibited. Is the US government internationally responsible towards Mexico and Canada for this incident?
5) Montreal Massacre. Suppose a similar event takes place here at DAL because Kevin, –a Canadian citizen, part-time student, who is also an RCMP officer- wanted to take the International Justice class and was unable to register because it was full. He blamed it on international students that fill DAL classes, so he killed Kristina, and Ludmila, who are citizens of Sweden, Argentina, respectively. He also killed Prof. Hermida, a dual Canadian and Argentine citizen, and several other Canadian students. Can Kevin be tried before the ICC?
6) Vienna Tribunal. Are these international crimes? Assuming they took place after July 1, 2002, can they be tried before the ICC?
7) Danish Cartoonist. Read the following article. Suppose a group of extreme Muslims kidnapped and killed the cartoonist, and the editor of all European newspapers that reprinted the cartoon. The Muslim extremists cited a principle of Sharia law generally accepted in the Muslim world that says that whoever defame Prophet Mohammed must be killed. A) Would this be an international crime? B) If so, could it be tried before the ICC? C) Could you successfully argue that this law is a source of international law as it is a principle of generally accepted in most of Islamic countries.
8) Canadian Bacon. Is operation Canadian Bacon legal? Does it respect the jus ad bellum norms? Is the Canadian government responsible for taking Honey as a hostage? Is it an international crime? Supposing this took place after July 1, 2002, can the Canadian Primer Minister be tried before the ICC?
9) London bombings. Emerging Portraits Of Suspects | July 13, 2005 20:22:05 . Fifty six civilians of different nationalities died, and more than seven hundred were injured as a result of a series of three bombs that exploded in the London underground, and a fourth on a Double Decker bus. Assuming that there are perpetrators or participants that are still alive, can these events be tried before the ICC?
· Do you welcome the establishment of the International Criminal Court? What are its main weak and strong aspects?
· Should trials last so long? What can be done to speed international trials without compromising the accused’s rights?
· What are the discrepancies between the horror of mass murder and the dispassionate proceedings of a courtroom?
International Humanitarian interventions and human security
Global Sex trade
1) Two college male students went to a travel agency in Toronto to book a Spring Break package. They said they wanted to go to cool a place, since it was their last year in college. The travel agent asked them “What would you like to do during your Spring Break?” The students replied “You know, we want to have fun, get laid, and get drunk.” The travel agent replied “I have the perfect package for you guys. You will have a lot of fun, and a lot of chances to get laid with beautiful girls in Cambodia.” So, the two students bought a tourist package to Cambodia. On their first day, they had sex with a 12-year old girl and a 16-year old girl, respectively, for US$ 50.
2) Two college students, aged 20, go to Thailand. One is a US citizen and the other one is Canadian. They pick up girls in a local bar. The girls are 17 years old. The Canadian student has consensual sex with one of the girls. After having sex, the girl tells him that her family lives in poverty. He leaves a US$ 20-bill on the night table and leaves.
3) The American student has consensual sex with a 17-year old girl in Thailand. They fall in love and start dating. He proposes to her and invites her to go live in the States. They fly to New York, and when they clear immigration at JFK he is arrested.
4) A Canadian citizen travels to Jamaica. He has consensual sex with a 14-year old girl. He doesn’t give her any money or presents.
5) While on business in Thailand, a dual Canadian-Thailand businessman has sex with a 13-year old boy for US$ 60.
6) A Canadian accountant is sent to work in San Jose, Costa Rica for a 12-month period. While in San Jose, he pays a 15-year old female prostitute to have sex with him.
7) After their first several encounters, the Canadian accountant starts dating the girl. They have consensual sex and he never pays her again. They get married in San Jose and come back to Canada when his project in Costa Rica ends.
8) A US travel agency advertises sex tourist packages in South East Asia. A Canadian female teacher, who is a US permanent resident, buys the package with the intent to have paid sex with young boys. But, once there she changes her mind and spends all her days on the beach and shopping.
9) A Canadian travel agency advertises sex tourist packages in South East Asia. A Canadian female teacher, who resides in Canada, buys the package with the intent to have paid sex with young boys. But, once there she changes her mind and spends all her days on the beach and shopping.
10) A Canadian female teacher travels to the Dominican Republic and has consented sex with a 12-year old girl there. She never pays her.
11) A Canadian permanent resident and Chilean citizen aged 30 travels to Chile with his friend’s 14 year old daughter, also a Canadian citizen of Chilean origin. In Santiago, they have consented sex. He buys her expensive gifts, such as jewelry and coats.
12) A Canadian male citizen, aged 35, travels to Vietnam with his wife. There, he has paid sex with a 17 year old girl while his wife was sightseeing. His wife comes back earlier and finds her husband and the girl in the hotel room. She goes to the police. The police arrest her husband, and refer him to a court. He is acquitted because paid sex with anyone over 16 is legal. When the couple come back to Canada, the wife goes to the police and report the incident that took place in Vietnam.
13) A Canadian male citizen, aged 30, travels to the Dominican Republic and forces a 15-year old boy to have sex with him.
14) A US female citizen, aged 25, travels to the Dominican Republic and forces a 15-year old boy to have sex with her.
15) A Canadian female citizen has consented sex with a 16-year old girl in Haiti. She takes pictures of their sexual acts.
Video: Heading South
(i) Do you agree with the extradition rules?
(ii) Do you agree with the UK Lords’ decision to send Pinochet back to Chile?
(iii) Do you think that the latest Chilean court ruling declaring him unfit to stand trial is just and fair?
(iv) What should be done with Pinochet?
(v) There were several victims in Chile that had Canadian citizenship. Can Pinochet be extradited to Canada? Why? Why not?
(vi) What can the international community do to prevent new similar cases?
(vii) Should other former state leaders, such as Kissinger, Bush Sr. and others be concerned?
(viii) Can there be a truly universal justice?