1. What are the five categories of youth gangs?
  2. Bob and Jimmy are arguing over a girl at a party. The next day at school, Jimmy tells Bob that if he looks at this girl again, he will no longer have a car to drive. After school, Bob and Jimmy begin arguing again and start to fight. Jimmy is pushed on to the ground and breaks his arm.
  3. Discuss the crimes related to participation in criminal organizations in Canada. What is a criminal organization? Can a gang be a criminal organization?
  4. Momo is on a field trip to McDonald’s with her youth crime class and her pet goat named Teddy, who has three legs. While ordering a BLT bagel and milkshake to sooth her hangover from underage drinking the night before, Bob –her classmate- told her he would kill her goat Teddy if she didn’t hand over her milkshake. Momo was scared because this meant her milkshake brought all the boys to the yard.
  5. Cindy just got into the soccer team. As part of the initiation, she was yelled at, forced to eat dog-food sandwiches, wear her underwear over her clothes, and finally had a ball kicked at her by all the members of the team with no protection. What would the crimes be if this took place in Canada? What crimes would they have committed if this took place in the US?
  6. Explain custodial and non custodial sentences in the youth criminal justice system.
  7. Explain extrajudicial measures and sanctions in the youth criminal justice system.
  8. Mrs. Krabappel hits student Bart over his head with a ruler. Bart was being very disruptive to the class and teacher. Bart is 10.
  9. Explain the crimes of assault and threats. Include all exceptions.       
  10. Billy threatens to beat up Joe after school on the playground. Joe agrees and meets Billy at 3 pm after the last school bell. A fight breaks out between the two boys. Afterwards, they go home. Billy’s mother notices that he has a black eye.



Evaluation criteria: The criteria are formulated in the form of questions. A positive response must be given to the following questions in order to obtain full credit for each answer. The value of the evaluation criteria for each of the four questions is as stated after each of question.

1.      Did you answer the question comprehensively? Are all relevant problems discussed? Was the answer readable and well organized? Did you make connections between issues discussed in your answer? Did your answer show an understanding of the topic dealt with? Value of this criterion: 6 points for the question in section A, 5 points for the scenario in section B, and 2 points for the question in section C.

  1. Did your answer discuss problems by reference to theoretical issues learned during the course? Did your answer show an understanding of the appropriate readings or class discussions? Did your answer show an understanding of the discussions and issues arisen in class? Did your answer make reference to class discussions, activities, and readings? Value of this criterion: 2 points for the question in section A, 1 point for the scenario in section B, and 1 point for the question in section C.
  2. Is there a critical personal assessment of the topic discussed? Does the personal assessment show some originality? Value of this criterion: 1 point for the question in section A, 1 point for the scenario in section B, and 1 point for the question in section C.


Previous test bank (not for the next midterm)


  1. Explain the main aspects of the youth criminal justice process.
  2. Discuss the two main principles of the Youth Criminal Justice Act.
  3. Joey brings a gun to school and Sally sees him put it in his locker. The Principal is informed and he calls the police to the school. The police find the gun and arrest Joey. While on their way to the station, Joey confesses to murdering his grandmother. The officer tells Joey that he will not be charged for his grandmother’s murder if he sleeps with him.
  4. Josie is 13 and her 18-year old coach asks her to sleep with whim. Is this a crime? What if she had initiated the contact?
  5. Ginger has a son –Jimmy- who suffers from fetal alcohol syndrome. When Jimmy is 10, the baby sitter –Roxanne, 16- engages in consensual sexual relations with him while in her care. When the police detain Roxanne for questioning, they do not notify her parents.
  6. What are the main criminology views? Give examples.
  7. Discuss all sex crimes that protect youth.
  8. Jack, a 15-year old altar boy, willingly engaged in oral sex with the priest in his parish.
  9. John, a 28-year old teacher, has consensual sex with one of his students, a 17-year old girl, over the summer break.
  10. A 12 year old robs a convenience store. The elderly man behind the counter grabs a bat and swings at him. The 12-year old grabs the bat away from the man, and starts to beat him with it. Once he is done, he leaves with all the candy he stole.
  11. Discuss the rights that youth have under the YCJA and the Charter.