Concept of crime
Read this article and discuss these questions based on the article and the lecture on sex crimes:
Tuesday October 17, 2006
A 36-year-old female high school teacher is
facing sexual assault charges after alleged inappropriate conduct with a
Cops say the victim was taught by the accused at
Streetsville Secondary School in Mississauga.
The potential affair
came to light earlier this month, after investigators discovered evidence the
accused had allegedly traded sexually explicit emails with the young
Cops followed their
trail from there, contending the two then met in Mississauga, during which an
allegedly consented sexual relation took place.
Parents of students
found out about the charges in a letter from the school's principal.� Shock was the overwhelming emotion that
followed the allegations.�
"You hear about it
and read about it, but it's always at another school so having it this close is
definitely a concern," said Iris Pallas, whose daughter Jessica attends
"I was actually
quite surprised that it happened because I didn't think any teach at our school
would have that happen," Jessica adds.
Leslie Merlino was collared by cops on October 13th. She's charged with sexual
exploitation and sexual assault.
She's been released
from custody under strict conditions - including that she stay away from the
school - and is scheduled to appear in a Brampton court November 20th.
CBC News Online | January 13, 2005
At the funeral of her son less than a month ago, the mother of a teen beaten and stabbed to death by other teens pleaded with youth in Toronto to end their spree of violence. A recent spate of youth violence � brawls, group assaults and the murder of two young people � has erupted in recent weeks in Canada's largest city.
According to the Canadian Centre for Justice Studies, after a record of relative stability, youth violence jumped in 2000. The overall violent crime rate increased 13 per cent between 1993f and 2003, and groups seem to be increasingly involved.
Some have speculated that the rise in violent crime numbers may be a result of aggressive "zero tolerance" strategies enacted by schools, social agencies and other institutions. But still others assert that the statistics reveal merely a partial picture, since they represent only the incidents reported to police.
The question of 'why'
Everything from violent video games to permissive parenting to the decline of religion has been offered to explain why an alarming number of teens are engaging in vicious behaviour.
The Wamback family circulated a petition in 2000 calling for mandatory counselling and tougher sentences for violent youth offenders to combat the violence.
It's difficult to pinpoint a single cause, and likely a myriad number of causes are to blame.
The Youth Criminal Justice Act: Principles and rights
Video: Young offenders
What is a gang?
Are there street gangs in Halifax? Nova Scotia?
Who joins gangs? Why?
What do young people look for in a gang?
Why do gangs fight each other?
Why do gang members commit so many crimes?
What criminology theory can best explain gang crimes?
Is the criminal justice system the best response to gang crimes committed by young people?
The purpose of this activity is to compare popular culture images of youth offenders to the criminological theories discussed in class.
Select a movie, TV show, chapter from a novel, newspaper story, or TV documentary. Bring it to class. Compare your selected item to one of the theories or topics discussed so far in class.
Kid Crime: Violent Crime and Children
1) What criminology theories transpire in the video?
2) Is there a connection between guns and crime? Drugs and crime?
3) What is wilding? Why does it occur?
4) Is youth crime in Canada as rampant as in the US?
5) Is there a bias against teenagers?
Extrajudicial measures and sanctions.
What extrajudicial measures or extrajudicial sanctions would you apply in the following cases? Are there any cases which you would not divert? If so, what sentence would you give?
I�m Jake. I�m 15 years old and have never been
in any trouble before. In fact, I�ve been on the honour roll all through high
school. But now I�ve really got trouble. It all started out as fun. We were
drinking beer and hanging around the school at night. We never got caught. I
don�t know why I did it, but on a dare from a friend, I borrowed my
sister-in-law�s car. You see, I knew she always kept the keys on the fridge.
Right now, I wish they weren�t there that day. I was driving and had three
buddies in the car with me. We drank a full six pack and still had the empty
bottles in the car. Anyway, I guess I�m not that great a driver yet and the
road was icy. I accidentally went up over a curb and hit an old lady, Mrs.
McGee. Geez, she�s my grandma�s age, 72, and I hurt her bad! The police and
ambulance showed up and I was arrested. I was charged with drunk driving and
What a mess for me and my family. I�m really
sorry about the old lady. Turns out she knows all my aunties. She hurt her
back. She�s out of the hospital now. I�m really sorry. I�ll never do any
drinking and joy-riding again."
Jake went to trial in youth court and pled
guilty to drunk driving and aggravated assault. The judge agreed that the
community should be involved in deciding what Jake�s sentence should be. Jake
will participate in a sentencing circle.
What type of
sentence should Jake receive?
purpose and the principles for sentencing as well as the factors for
determining if a youth should receive a custodial sentence.
Aboriginal status. Would this information change your recommendation?
violence and hazing
Hazing and Peer Intimidation
February 27 and March 1
Youth Crime Project
Criminal Court Observation
The purpose of this assignment is to examine the relationship between the formal rules and principles governing the youth criminal justice court process, and the theoretical issues analyzed in class. The project requires observation, description, and analysis.
You are required to attend part of a youth justice process, and you may want to observe more than one judge or court. Often it is possible to speak to court staff, lawyers or police officers during a recess in the proceedings. Please read the guidelines on public access to the courts, particularly section 2. B. entitled Decorum in the Courtroom during trial.
Your paper should include the following:
(a) Date(s), time(s) and location(s) of your observations.
(b) A brief summary of the kinds of proceedings you observed.
(c) An analysis of the facts of the case(s).
You may also use these questions to guide your analysis:
Watch the video on Street Racing and discuss the following questions:
Slaughter at School Video
Why do young people shoot at
schools in the US?
Are school shootings a
problem in Canada?
Do you agree with zero
tolerance policy to prevent school shootings?
What criminology views and
theories transpire in the explanation of Barry Loukaitis� school shootings? And
for Luke Woodham�s and Michael Carneals� shootings?
Do you agree with the
sentence given to Barry Loukaitis? Was it useful to deter other shootings?
Is there a connection between
being bullied and killing? Who should be responsible for the school shootings?
What is the role of media in
How can school shootings be