A citation is a reference to a primary or secondary source with sufficient details to identify the cited work. There are several citation methods or formats.
Citation in legal publications, such as law journal articles or legal casebooks, differs from citation methods in Social Science works dealing with law and justice issues.
In Canada, legal citation generally follows the Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation, prepared by McGill Law Journal. You can click here for a summary of this citation method.
In the United States, the The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation, published by the Harvard Law Review Association.
There are also several citation methods used in Social Sciences. You can click here for the APA citation format.
The main purpose of citation is to allow the reader to efficiently locate the cited source. So, it is important to use a citation method correctly and consistently.